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Wednesday, October 27, 2010

MGT603




Semester “Fall 2010”
Strategic Management (MGT603)
Assignment No. 1                                            Marks:  20

QUESTION:

As you have read in your course that strengths and weaknesses  are an organization's internal
controllable activities that are performed especially well or poorly and opportunities and threats
are the external factors. The organization either small or large has to keep an eye on the internal
and external environment for keeping the pace with the changing environment. 

Read the following situation and identify what  you consider to be Fashion Inn’s major
opportunities, threats, strengths, and weaknesses. List these key factors under separate
headings.
(5 Marks for each)

Fashion Inn is a local garment factory in Faisalabad. His owner Mr. Sadiq is not very well
educated but has a good sense of business. He is very polite with his workers and staff and treats
them like a family. Usually he prefers to take opinion from his staff and workers before making
a final decision. Mr. Sadiq owns the land of the factory plus has good financial support. He also
has good contact with some politicians. In these days he is looking for suppliers from whom he
can purchase his raw martial in some cheaper prices as he is thinking to lower down his prices in
coming season. In addition to that he is not satisfied with the quality of the raw material. He has
also heard from his manager that one of his competitors is planning to explore Europe market by
exporting ready made garments. Seasonal change in the garment business is problematic in sense
that he has to deliver his supply well on time in the market to secure confirm sale and profit.
Economic downturn and inflation has also adversely affected the purchasing power of people in
Pakistan.  
Important Tips
1.  This Assignment can be best attempted from the knowledge acquired after
watching video lecture no. 1 to lecture no. 10 and reading handouts as well as
recommended text book.  
2.  Video lectures can be downloaded for free from www.youtube.com/vu.
3.  Do not write more than 300 words.
4.  If cheated or copied from other students, internet, books, journals or
blogs, will be straight away marked ZERO.  Schedule
Opening Date and Time  October 27 , 2010 At 12:01 A.M. (Mid-Night)
Due Date and Time  November 01 , 2010 At 11:59 P.M. (Mid-Night)
Note: Only in the case of Assignment, 24 Hrs extra / grace period after the above mentioned
due date is usually available to overcome uploading difficulties which may be faced by the
students on last date.  This extra time should only be used to meet the emergencies and above
mentioned due dates should always be treated as final to avoid any inconvenience.
Important Instructions:

Please read the following instructions carefully before attempting the assignment solution.

Deadline:

•  Make sure that you upload the solution file before the due date. No
assignment will be accepted through e-mail once the solution has been
uploaded by the instructor. 

Formatting guidelines:

•  Use the font style “Times New Roman” and font size “12”. 
•  It is advised to compose your document in MS-Word 2003. 
•  Use black and blue font colors only. 

Solution guidelines:

•  Use APA style for referencing and citation.  For guidance search “APA
reference style” in Google and read various website containing
information for better understanding or visit
http://linguistics.byu.edu/faculty/henrichsenl/apa/APA01.html 
•  Every student will work individually and has to write in the form of an
analytical assignment.
•  Ideally your answer should be within 200 to 250 words. 
•  Give the answer according to question, there will be negative marking
for irrelevant material.
•  For acquiring the relevant knowledge don’t rely only on handouts but
watch the video lectures and use other reference books also. 

Rules for Marking

Please note that your assignment will not be graded or graded as Zero (0) if:

•  It has been submitted after due date
•  The file you uploaded does not open or is corrupt
•  It is in any format other than .doc (MS. Word)
•  It is cheated or copied from other students, internet, books, journals etc…


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

I have tried to solve this assignment. But I m unable to find out the oppertunities from the given case. However, I m gona discuss the remaining three parts as under;

STRENGHTS
Sound fincial condition of the owner.
Decentrelized dicision making approach or Interprenourial style of mnagement.
Good relations with politicians.
Committed managers & employees due to participative decision making approach.
Mr. Sadiq possesses a good interprenourial skills.
Land of the company is not rented or leased. Its owned by the Mr. Sadiq.

WEAKNESS;
Smaller size of target market.
The company has no strong brand.
Less positioning of company s' products into customer s' mind.
Lack of marketing and operational expertises.
Low quality of raw material.

THREATS:
Inflation
Economic downturn
Seasonal change in garments business
Adverse economic conditions resulting lower purchasing power of customers.
Competitor s' threats.


OPPERTUNITIES:
I m unable to find any oppertunity for Mr. Sadiq in the given case. So if anyone out of u can do this, then I thinks the assignment is solved.


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


 
Assignment # 01
Strategic Management
(MGT603)

Answer.

From the case given, I found strengths, weaknesses, threats & opportunities to Mr. Sadiq as under;

Strengths:
  • Sound financial conditions of the business owner.
  • Decentralized decision making approach/ entrepreneurial style of management
  • Good relation with politicians
  • Employees and managers s’ commitment by the entrepreneurial style of management
  • Mr. Sadiq possesses good entrepreneurial skills
  • Land of the factory is owned by the owner rather than on rental

Weaknesses:
  • Smaller size of target market because the Fashion Inn is a local company
  • Less position of its products into customer s’ mind
  • No strong brand are introduced by the company
  • Low quality of raw material
  • Lack of marketing and operational skills. So failed to expand the market size and obtain operational excellence

Opportunities:
  • Can explore the international markets.
  • Can seek the suppliers who can provide the raw material at low price and good quality
  • Can introduce the new products and make the existing one more distinguishes from the competitors.
  • End user respond can explore the new ideas. So seek for customer feed back.
  • Try to establish a quick responding distribution channels to make on time delivery confirm to make the customer satisfied.
Threats:

  • Legislation could impact
  • Inflation
  • Economic downturn
  • Seasonal change in garments business
  • Adverse economic conditions resulting low purchasing power to customers
  • Vulnerable to reactive attack by major competitors.
  • If the investment climate is poor, then there will be poor returns on investment.

MGT613

Semester “Fall 2010”
“Production Operations Management (MGT613)”
Assignment No.  1                             Marks:  15
“Assignment Title”
Mr. A is the Operations Manager of ABC Company. He has been given the responsibility to
make the decision for constructing a restaurant. He has three available alternative points to
construct it out. First alternative is to construct on road S, second is to construct on road M, and
third is to construct on road D. The data for  expected payoff under three  states of nature is
available in the following table.

POSSIBLE FUTURE DEMANDS
Alternatives     Low  Moderate  High
Road S                    Rs. 40 M  Rs. 40 M  Rs 50 M
Road M  Rs. 55 M  Rs.60 M  Rs 75 M
Road D  Rs. 30 M  Rs 55 M  Rs 85 M


Assuming the payoff under each state of nature what decision would be appropriate using each
of the following criteria.
a.  Maximin
b.  Maximax
c.  Minimax regret
d.  Laplace

Note: Calculation along with interpretation is required in order to attempt this question. In
the case students do not calculate and interpret, and just write the answers, will be given
low marks or no marks.
 
Important Tips
1.  This Assignment can be best attempted from the knowledge acquired after
watching video lecture no. 1  to lecture no 10 and reading handouts as well as
recommended text book).  
2.  Video lectures can be downloaded for free from www.youtube.com/vu.
Schedule
Opening Date and Time   October 27, 2010 At 12:01 AM (Mid-Night)
Due Date and Time 
November 01, 2010 At 11:59 PM (Mid-
Night)
Note: Only in the case of Assignment, 24 Hrs extra / grace period after the above mentioned
due date is usually available to overcome uploading difficulties which may be faced by the
students on last date.  This extra time should only be used to meet the emergencies and above
mentioned due dates should always be treated as final to avoid any inconvenience. Important Instructions:

Please read the following instructions carefully before attempting the assignment solution.

Deadline:

•  Make sure that you upload the solution file before the due date. No
assignment will be accepted through e-mail once the solution has been
uploaded by the instructor. 

Formatting guidelines:

•  Use the font style “Times New Roman” and font size “12”. 
•  It is advised to compose your document in MS-Word 2003. 
•  Use black and blue font colors only. 

Solution guidelines:

•  Use APA style for referencing and citation.  For guidance search “APA
reference style” in Google and read various website containing
information for better understanding or visit
http://linguistics.byu.edu/faculty/henrichsenl/apa/APA01.html 
•  Every student will work individually and has to write in the form of an
analytical assignment.
•  Give the answer according to question, there will be negative marking
for irrelevant material.
•  For acquiring the relevant knowledge don’t rely only on handouts but
watch the video lectures and use other reference books also. 

Rules for Marking

Please note that your assignment will not be graded or graded as Zero (0) if:

•  It has been submitted after due date
•  The file you uploaded does not open or is corrupt
•  It is in any format other than .doc (MS. Word)
•  It is cheated or copied from other students, internet, books, journals etc…


------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




Mr. A is the Operations Manager of ABC Company. He has been given the responsibility to make the decision for constructing a restaurant. He has three available alternative points to construct it out. First alternative is to construct on road S, second is to construct on road M, and third is to construct on road D. The data for expected payoff under three states of nature is available in the following table.

POSSIBLE FUTURE DEMAND
Alternative
Moderate
Low
High
Road S
Rs. 40 m
Rs. 40 m
Rs. 50 m
Road M
Rs. 55 m
Rs. 60 m
Rs. 75 m
Road D
Rs. 30 m
Rs. 55 m
Rs. 85 m

Assuming the payoff under each state of nature what decision would be appropriate using each of the following criteria.
a. Maximin
b. Maximax
c. Minimax regret
d. Laplace

a. Maximin

Road S                        Rs. 40 M
Road M                      Rs. 55 M
Road D                       Rs. 30 M

Description: Operation manager will build the restaurant on Road D because it has minimum possible pay-off i.e. Rs. 30 m. Therefore, Road D is the Maximin payoff act

b. Maximax

Road S                        Rs. 50 M
Road M                      Rs. 75 M
Road D                       Rs. 85 M

Description: Operation manager will build the restaurant on Road D as its best of the best numbers i.e. Rs. 85 M. Therefore, Road D is the Maximax payoff act

c. Minimax regret

Alternative
Moderate
Low
High
Worst regret
Road S
Rs. 40 – 55 = -15 m
Rs. 40 – 60 = -20 m
Rs. 50 – 85 = -35 m
-35 m
Road M
Rs. 55 – 55 = 0 m
Rs. 60 – 60 = 0 m
Rs. 75 – 85 = -10 m
-10 m
Road D
Rs. 30 – 55 = -25 m
Rs. 55 – 60 = -5m
Rs. 85 – 85 = 0 m
-30 m

* Subtracting column entry with the highest column value

Description: So using a minimax choice based on regret would be that operation manger should build the restaurant on Road M, ensuring regret no worse than -10 m.

d. Laplace

Alternative
Moderate
Low
High
Calc.
Road S
Rs. 40 m
Rs. 40 m
Rs. 50 m
130 / 3= 43.3
Road M
Rs. 55 m
Rs. 60 m
Rs. 75 m
190 / 3 = 63.3
Road D
Rs. 30 m
Rs. 55 m
Rs. 85 m
170 / 3 = 56.7

Description: Using Laplace criterion, operation manager will build the restaurant on Road M as it has the maximum average payoff i.e. 63.3

 


   

CS610

CS 610 Computer Networks, Fall 2010
Assignment # 01

Deadline
Your assignment must be uploaded / submitted before or on November 01, 2010.
Marks = 20
Upload Instructions
Please view the assignment submission process document provided to you by the
Virtual University to upload the assignment.
Rules for Marking
Please note that your assignment will not be graded if: 
•  It is submitted after due date
•  The file you uploaded does not open
•  The file you uploaded is copied from some one else or from internet
•  It is in some format other than .doc

Objective
The assignment has been designed to enable you:
•  Understanding of CSMA/CD and Data Stuffing. 

Assignment Statements:
Question # 1: Explain CSMA/CD with a real example in your own
words?
Question # 2: What do you mean by data stuffing, Can you differentiate
the control characters from frame delimiters?
Important Note: It is better to write your own understanding rather than
coping from any source.  

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
It is Collision Detection for Ethernet. Basically if two devices try to communicate with the same third device at the same time they will fail. Then they will start a random algorithm in which it will count down to retransmit.


• Short for Carrier Sense Multiple Access / Collision Detection, a set of rules determining how network devices respond when two devices attempt to use a data channel simultaneously (called a collision). Standard Ethernet networks use CSMA/CD to physically monitor the traffic on the line at participating stations. If no transmission is taking place at the time, the particular station can transmit. If two stations attempt to transmit simultaneously, this causes a collision, which is detected by all participating stations. After a random time interval, the stations that collided attempt to transmit again. If another collision occurs, the time intervals from which the random waiting time is selected are increased step by step. This is known as exponential back off.
• CSMA/CD is a type of contention protocol. Networks using the CSMA/CD procedure are simple to implement but do not have deterministic transmission characteristics. The CSMA/CD method is internationally standardized in IEEE 802.3 and ISO 8802.3.


 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------






CS 610 Idea Solution:
Question # 1: Explain CSMA/CD with a real example in your own
words?
Solution:
The CSMA/CD protocol functions somewhat like a conference in a dark room. Everyone
has same priority to speak something. Everyone around the table must listen for a period
of quiet before speaking (Carrier Sense). Once  a space o ccurs ever yone has an equal
chance to say something (Multiple Access). It two people start talking at the same time
no one can understand what they speak and th ey detect that fact and quit speaking
(Collision Detection).
To translate this into Ethernet terms, each interface must wait until there is no signal on
the channel, and then it can begin transmitting. If some other interface is transmitting
there will be a signal on the channel, which is called carrier. All other interfaces must
wait until carrier ceases before trying to transmit, and this process is called Carrier Sense.
All Ethernet interfaces are equal in their ability to send frames onto the network. No one
gets a higher priority than anyone else, and democracy reigns. This is what is meant by
Multiple Access. Since signals take a finite time to travel from one end of an Ethernet
system to the other, the first bits of a transmitted frame do not reach all parts of the
network simultaneously. Therefore, it's possible for two interfaces to sense that the
network is idle and to start transmitting their frames simultaneously. When this happens,
the Ethernet system has a way to sense the "collision" of signals and to stop the
transmission and resend the frames. This is called Collision Detect.
The CSMA/CD protocol is designed to provide fair access to the shared channel so that
all stations get a chance to use the network. After  every packet transmission all stations
use the CSMA/CD protocol to determine which station gets to use the Ethernet channel
next.
Note:
Solve it by yourself


CSMA/CD (Carrier Sense Multiple Access / Collision Detection) is the protocol used in
Ethernet networks to ensure that only on e network node is transmitting on the network
wire at any one time.
OR
Carrier Sense
means that every Ethernet device listens to the Ethernet wire before it
attempts to transmit.  If the Ethernet device senses that another device is transmitting, it
will wait to transmit.
Multiple Access
means that more than one Ethernet device can be sensing (listening and
waiting to transmit) at a time.
Collision Detection
means that when multiple Ethernet devices accidentally transmit at
the same time, they are able to detect this erro r.
Question # 2: What do you mean by data stuffing, Can you differentiate
the control characters from frame delimiters?
Solution:
Whenever a system sends data to another system it sends it through frames. It uses
control characters soh (start of header) and eot (end of header) to indicate the start and
end of a data frame. They actually play management role in frames. Sometimes the
control characters may appear in data  and as a par t of data they will be misinterpreted as
framing data.
In general to distinguish between data being sent and control information such as frame
delimiters network systems arrange for the sending side to change the d ata  slightly before
it is sent because systems usually insert data or b ytes to change data for transmission, the
technique is known as Data Stuffing.
The benefit of Data Stuffing is that the confusion of control characters in the data is
removed.
Control characters are used as frame delimiters. For e.g. the fr ame used the control
character soh in the start of frame to tell the  receiver that the frame is start from there and
the control character eot is used at the end of the  frame to tell the receiver that the frame
is ended. These control characters are called frame delimiters.
Note:
Solve it by yourself



CS615

Software Project Management
Assignment # 01
Fall 2010
                                                               Marks: 20
Due Date
Your assignment must be uploaded before or on 29th
 October 2010.

Uploading instructions:
Please view the Assignment Submission Process document provided to you by
the Virtual University for uploading assignments.
•  Assignment should be in .doc format.
•  Save your assignment with your ID (e.g. bx020200786.doc).
•  Assignment submission through email is highly discouraged.

Rules for Marking:
It should be clear that your assignment will not get any credit if:
•  The assignment is submitted after due date.
•  The submitted assignment file is corrupted.
•  The assignment is copied.
Note:
Your answer must follow the below given specifications. You will be assigned zero
marks if you do not follow these instructions.
•   Font style: “Times New Roman”
•   Font color: “Black”
•   Font size: “12”
•  Bold for heading only.
•  Font in Italic is not allowed at all.
•  No formatting or bullets are allowed to use.

Assignment:

Q. 01  Choice elements are found in the theory and practice of strategic management and
provide the performance standard by which enterprise resources are identified,
selected, committed for the growth and survival of the organizational process and
future products. Discuss the key choice  elements for the strategic management
that are important building blocks in the design and implementation of the
strategies for the enterprise’s future.

Q. 02  Discuss the planning limitations in formal strategic planning?  (At least five)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



Limitations of Strategic Planning
Strategic Planning should not be viewed as a guarantee to future success. Strategic Planning has limitations, such asstrategic planning in * is necessary, strategy planing following:

1. Strategic Planning is not a way of making future decisions. There is no way anyone can predictstrategic planning in * is necessary, strategy planing future. Strategic Planning provides overall guidance and direction based on what we think will happen.

2. Strategic Planning is not a blueprint forstrategic planning in * is necessary, strategy planing future. There are too many changes taking place - marketplace is changing, customer preferences are changing, new competition, new technologies, new opportunities, declining financial condition, etc. Strategic Planning is a dynamic process, which is receptive to change.

3. Strategic Planning cannot resolve critical situations threateningstrategic planning in * is necessary, strategy planing organization. Strategic Planning will not get you out of a crisis. understand importance of strategic planning in organizationOrganization should be stable before engaging in strategic planning.

4. Strategic Planning should not replace good intuitive judgments. If an organization is lucky enough to have good intuitive thinkers, then exercise extreme care before embarking on formal strategic planning. You do not want to destroy intuitive thinking withinstrategic planning in * is necessary, strategy planing organization.


*Here are some of the choice elements of an organization.*
*
*
*Please try to look these element into some strategic management notes or
books.*
*I know these might confuse you that what are these doing with project
managements but these are the basic fundamentals. *
*
*
*Try to write few lines on these topics.*
*

*vision*
*mission*
*Goals*
*objectives*
*Strategies*
*Projects*
*operational plans* 
 
  

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