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Tuesday, December 18, 2012

CS201 Latest Midterm Papers 2012


These all papers shared by users
CS201 Today Paper
Total Questions = 26
Total MCQ = 20 (Each of 1 Marks)
Total Short Questions = 2 (Each of 2 Marks)
Total Short Questions = 2 (Each of 3 Marks)
Total Long Questions = 2 (Each of 5 Marks)


Q write a code to open a file, file name is "myfile.txt"
Q write a structure whos name is Inventory etc 3marks
Q declare 2-dimentional array and then assign pointer to this array 2 marks
Q aik code diya tha us ka output batana tha ....strtok wala code tha for 5 marks
Q write a code which pass camand line argument to main and return integer 3 marks
Q if p and q are int pointer and n is integer then the followings are legal or illigal 5marks
1 p - q
2 p-n
3 q+n
4 q+ p
5 n +p 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cs 201 current paper :

20 mcqs and 2 3 question of 2 marks 2 question of 3 marks ,2 question of 5 marks 

Q.A two-dimensional array has 3 rows and 4 columns. Write down the syntax to initialize first element of all
three rows of two-dimensional array with value 2.

Q.Identify the errors in the following code segment and give the reason of errors
main(){
int x = 10
const int *ptr = &x ;
*ptr = 5 ;
}
Q. Write the syntax of outfile.text ?
Q Advantage of close() file

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1:-Detect the correct compile time error(s) in the following code
Hints:- The following code print number from 1-100 (5 Marks)
Void main()
{
int cout:
float *ptr;
for(couter=1;couter<=100;couter++)
{
ptr=couter:
coutptr” ”;
getch();
return 0;
}

2:- write a program which declare an array and initialize it with string ‘WELCOME TO VIRTUAL UNIVERSTY’. Then using string manipulate function, replace all the white space in the string with new line characters and also convert all the lower cases latter of string into upper case latter. In the end program displaces the following string on the screen
The program should display the string as
Welcome
To
Virtual
University
(5 Mars)

3:- In any program language structure and array are used for what purpose (3 marks)
4:- what is syntax for finalization of the pointer ptr of type with variable x? (2 marks)
and one more question related to a program and that was of 5 marks

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Paper of CS201 (Mid Term 08-Dec-2012)
Time 2:30 pm Total Marks = 40

Total Questions = 26
Objective Question = 20
Subjective Question= 6
Q 1 & 2 = 2+2 marks
Q 3 & 4 = 3+3 marks
Q 5 & 6 = 5+5 marks
___________________________
Today paper
20 % from past papers
&
80 % in Handouts + Video Lec
In Subjective area
1- what is meant by C++ Statement: const int *ptr = &x;? 2 marks
2- Pointer character stored the string in C++ and array character stored the string in C++? now discussed who is more efficient? 3 marks
3- Find the syntax error? 2 marks
4- Write a program related array topic? 5 Marks
5- Write a program related union? 5 Marks
6- I forgot this question
I hope so it will help u in ur preparation of CS201 papers . . .

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

CS201 MID TERM Current Papers Dec.-2012 Fall 
paper tough tha mcqs b ajeeb say thay
exact to yaad nahi but kuch aisay thay questions
Q write a code to open a file, file name is "myfile.txt"
Q write a structure whos name is Inventory etc 3marks
Q declare 2-dimentional array and then assign pointer to this array 2 marks
Q aik code diya tha us ka output batana tha ....strtok wala code tha for 5 marks
Q write a code which pass camand line argument to main and return integer 3 marks
Q if p and q are int pointer and n is integer then the followings are legal or illigal 5marks
1 p - q
2 p-n
3 q+n
4 q+ p
5 n +p ( in mein yad nahi * ya / b hai tha ya ni)

Today paper
20 % from past papers
&
80 % in Handouts + Video Lec
In Subjective area
1- what is meant by C++ Statement: const int *ptr = &x;? 2 marks
2- Pointer character stored the string in C++ and array character stored the string in C++? now discussed who is more efficient? 3 marks
3- Find the syntax error? 2 marks
4- Write a program related array topic? 5 Marks
5- Write a program related union? 5 Marks
6- I forgot this question

Cs 201 current paper :

20 mcqs and 2 3 question of 2 marks 2 question of 3 marks ,2 question of 5 marks

Q.A two-dimensional array has 3 rows and 4 columns. Write down the syntax to initialize first element of all
three rows of two-dimensional array with value 2.

Q.Identify the errors in the following code segment and give the reason of errors
main(){
int x = 10
const int *ptr = &x ;
*ptr = 5 ;
}
Q. Write the syntax of outfile.text ?
Q Advantage of close() file
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 CS201 My Today Midterm Paper
Date 14-12-2012
MCQ’s
Tamam MCQ’s past papers mein sy thy
Baqi questions ye thay
1)
In programming we use structure and Arrays for what purpose?    Marks=3
2)
Which is better approach in term of memory space occupation and why?                                                                      Marks=3
i)                                                                                                                                           Char *arr[]={“programming”,”fundamental”,”cs201”};
ii)                                                                                                                                        Char arr[3][50]= {“programming”,”fundamental”,”cs201”};
3)                                                    Marks=5
Determine the value of m and n after execution the code
Int m=44;
Int*p=&m;
Int &r=m;
Int n=(*P)++;
Int *q=p-1;
++*q;
Assume that integers occupy 4 bytes and that m is stored in memory.
                                                                                                        
4)                                                    Marks=5
Briefly explain the logic of given code. Also determine the value of ‘counter’ variable if the code below is executed.
Main ()
{
Int num=5;
Int counter=0;
  While (num !=0)
       {
          If (num &01)
   Counter++;
num >>=1;
}
return  0;
}
 Is k ilawah 2,2 marks k 2 questions b thy jo mujy yaad nai is waqat

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CS201 Today Paper
Total Questions = 26
Total MCQ = 20 (Each of 1 Marks)
Total Short Questions = 2 (Each of 2 Marks)
Total Short Questions = 2 (Each of 3 Marks)
Total Long Questions = 2 (Each of 5 Marks)


Q write a code to open a file, file name is "myfile.txt"
Q write a structure whos name is Inventory etc 3marks
Q declare 2-dimentional array and then assign pointer to this array 2 marks
Q aik code diya tha us ka output batana tha ....strtok wala code tha for 5 marks
Q write a code which pass camand line argument to main and return integer 3 marks
Q if p and q are int pointer and n is integer then the followings are legal or illigal 5marks
1 p - q
2 p-n
3 q+n
4 q+ p
5 n +p 
        

CS201 Latest Mid term Paper 2012


26 QUESTIONS
20 MCQ'S 
1) TWAIN stands for........ (Ans:Technology without any interesting name)
2) microsoft word is what type of software.......(utility,driver,application)
3) First address of an element in array is called....? (first address, base address)
4) Doc file (Ms word file) is of what kind (a binary acces file, random access file, sequential or exe)
5) switch statement is replacement of ( Ans: multiple-if statement)
6) which statement checks the test condition at the end of loop (Ans: while)
7)mcq about checking of file through tg() tp()...etc
which bit of the number gives sign. (2)
how clossing a program with close() funciton saves memory(5)
suggestion: Grasp over the arrays and pointers and you've completed 80 percent of the paper.....:)

------------------------------------------------------------------------


3. What a problem in the given code. How can you correct it.
Cout”p=”p”,p+q=”p+qend1;                          Marks(2)
 4. what is error in this code and give reason of error.
main()
{
                  Intx=10;
                  Const int *ptr=&x;
*ptr = 5;
      }                                                                                   Marks(3)
Sequential and random method. In given 2 method wich one is best and why?
                                                                                          Marks(3)
5.                              write a programe that prompt the user to enter the value in an array
programe should sort the array in increasing order and found the maximum and minimum number in the array.                                            Marks(5)

6.  write a programme which create a new file having name cs201.txt and write introduction to programming taught by Dr Naveed Malik” in it.
      And after that print the content of this text file an the screen using getline function.
                                                                                                                        Marks(5)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total marks 40
MCQ = 20
2 number Question = 2x2 = 4 marks
3 number Question = 3x2 = 6 marks
5 number Question = 5x2 = 10 marks 
Technology with An Interesting name ka puch tha.
If an array has 100 elements, what is allowable range of subscripts? 
(a) 0 - 99 
(b) 1 - 99 
(c) 0 - 100 
(d) 1 - 100

2 number ka Quiz tha
Q write a code to open a file, file name is "myfile.txt"


BNK601 Short Notes 2012

BNK601 Short Notes

Banking Laws & Practices
Consortium finance

Under consortium financing, several banks (or financial institutions) finance a single borrower with common appraisal, common documentation, joint supervision and follow-up exercises. It is a subsidiary bank owned by several different banks. Each owner bank has an equal share so that no bank is the majority shareholder. The owner banks are often in different countries. A consortium bank is created to finance a specific project; once the project is complete, the consortium bank dissolves itself. While they are not as common as they once were, they are useful when a project involves multiple currencies.

Hypothecation

Hypothecation is a legal transaction, whereby goods may be made available as security for a debt without transferring possession to the lender. Hypothecation is the practice where a borrower pledges collateral to secure a debt. The borrower retains ownership of the collateral, but it is "hypothetically" controlled by the creditor in that he has the right to seize possession if the borrower defaults.

Money market

Money Market is a financial market which deals in short term debt instruments. The money market is a component of the financial markets for assets involved in short-term borrowing and lending with original maturities of one year or shorter time frames.

Differentiation between blank and full endorsement

“When the maker or holder of a negotiable instrument signs the same, otherwise than as such maker, for the purpose of negotiation, on the back or face thereof or on a slip of paper annexed thereto, or so signs for the same purpose a stamped paper intended to be completed as a negotiable instrument, he is said to indorse the same, and is called endorser”.
An endorsement may be made in blank or full. It may also be restrictive.
Kinds of Endorsement:
The endorsements are divided as under:
Blank or general
Full or special endorsement
Restrictive endorsement
Partial endorsement
Instrument endorsed in blank: Sec 54
Subject to the provisions hereinafter contained as to crossed cheques, a negotiable instrument endorsed in blank is payable to the bearer thereof even although originally payable to order.
Full or special endorsement: Sec 16
If the endorser signs his name only, the endorsement is said to be "in blank", and if he adds a direction to pay the amount mentioned in the instrument to, or to the order of, a specified person, the endorsement is said to be 'in full", and the person so specified is called the "endorsee" of the instrument.

R14 Auto Loans

Auto Loans mean the loans to purchase the vehicle for personal use.
REGULATION R-14- Classifications:
The auto loans shall be classified and provided for in the following manner:
Classification: Substandard.
Determinant: where mark up interest or principle is overdue by 90 days or more from the due date.
Treatment of Income: Unrealized mark-up/ interest to be kept in Memorandum account and not to be credited to Income account except when realized in cash. Unrealized mark up/interest already taken to income account to be reversed and kept in Memorandum account.
Provisions to be made: Provision of 10% (25% from 31st December 2006) of the difference resulting from the outstanding balance of principal less the amount of liquid assets.

R-8-CLASSIFICATION AND PROVISIONING

The credit card advances shall be classified and provided for in the following manner:
Classification: Loss.
Principal is overdue by 180 days or more from the due date.
Determinant: Where mark-up / interest.
Treatment of Income: Unrealized mark-up / interest to be
Provisions to be made: Provision of 100% of the difference.

R-6-MARGIN REQUIREMENTS

Banks / DFIs are free to determine the margin requirements on consumer facilities provided by them to their clients taking into account the risk profile of the borrower(s) in order to secure their interests.
However, this relaxation shall not apply in case of items, import of which is banned by the Government. Banks / DFIs will continue to observe margin restrictions on shares / TFCs as per existing instructions under Prudential Regulations for Corporate / Commercial Banking (R-6). Further, the restrictions prescribed under paragraph 1.A of Regulation R-6 of the Prudential Regulations for Corporate / Commercial Banking will also be applicable in case of Consumer Financing. State Bank of Pakistan shall continue to exercise its powers for fixation / reinstatement of margin requirements on consumer facilities being provided by banks/DFIs for various purposes, as and when required.

Differentiation between Sight and Usance Letter of credit 

A 'sight' LC means that payment is made immediately to the beneficiary/seller/exporter upon presentation of the correct documents in the required time frame.
In a sight payment, the commercial letter of credit is payable when the beneficiary presents the complying documents and if the presentation takes place on or before the expiration of the commercial letter of credit.
Whereas Usance Letter of Credit (L/C) is a Letter of credit that calls for payment at a future date. It is generally within six months and requires a draft drawn on the issuing/paying bank for the amount of the invoice.

Endorsement

When the maker or holder of a negotiable instrument signs the same, otherwise than as such maker, for the purpose of negotiation, on the back or face thereof or on a slip of paper annexed thereto, or so signs for the same purpose a stamped paper intended to be completed as a negotiable instrument, he is said to indorse the same, and is called endorser”.

Differentiation between liquidity risk & operational risk

Liquidity risk is the current and potential risk to earnings and the market value of stockholders’ equity that results from a bank’s inability to meet payment or clearing obligations in a timely and cost-effective manner.
Where operational risk refers to the possibility that operating expenses might vary significantly from what is expected, producing a decline in net income and firm value. Operational risk is the risk of loss resulting from inadequate or failed internal processes, people, and systems, or from external events.

Advantages of letter of credit risk

Following are the advantages of LC:
1. General global acceptability by the interacting parties.
2. The beneficiary is assured of payment as long as it complies with the terms and conditions of the letter of credit. The letter of credit identifies which documents must be presented and the data content of those documents. The credit risk is transferred from the applicant to the issuing bank.
3. The beneficiary can enjoy the advantage of mitigating the issuing bank’s country risk by requiring that a bank in its own country confirm the letter of credit. That bank then takes on the country and commercial risk of the issuing bank and protects the beneficiary.
4. The beneficiary minimizes collection time as the letter of credit accelerates payment of the receivables.
5. The beneficiary’s foreign exchange risk is eliminated with a letter of credit issued in the currency of the beneficiary’s country.

SME

Small and medium enterprises are companies whose headcount or turnover falls below certain limits. The companies are usually defined as an organization with fewer than 10 employees.

Powers of arbitrator 

(a). The arbitrators or umpire shall, unless a different intention is expressed in agreement, have power to (a) administer oath to the parties and witnesses appearing.
(b). state a special case for the opinion of the Court on any question of law involved, or state the award, wholly or in part, in the form of a special case of such question for the opinion of the Court.
(c). The arbitrators or umpire shall, unless a different intention is expressed in agreement, have power to (c) make the award conditional or in the alternative.
(d). Correct in an award any clerical mistake or error arising from any accidental slip or omission.
(e). Administer to any party to arbitration such interrogatories as may, in the opinion of the arbitrators or umpire, be necessary.

Attributes of good collateral

Collateral is considered to be good collateral if it possesses the following attributes.
1. Adequate
2. Readily en cashable realizable
3. Sufficient.

Bank

Bank means a banking company as defined in the Banking Companies Ordinance, 1962.

Borrower

Borrower means an individual to whom a bank / DFI has allowed any consumer financing during the course of business.

Corporate Bonds

Corporate bonds are intermediate-term and long-term obligations issued by large, high-quality corporations to finance plant and equipment spending. Typically, corporate bonds pay interest twice a year and repay the principal amount borrowed at maturity.
Corporate bonds are not as liquid as government securities because they are less widely traded. Corporate bonds have greater default risk than government bonds, but they generally fluctuate less in price than corporate equities.

Why preferred bond is called hybrid security

Hybrid securities are a broad group of securities that combine the elements of the two broader groups of securities, debt and equity.
Preferred stock is a hybrid security because it combines features of common stocks and bonds. At the same time, it has several unique features that set it apart from both.

       

BNK601 Latest papers 2012


11 December 2012
today's paper of BNK601:
1: What is credit information?
2: Is Principal is liable for the misconduct or fraud of the agent according to agreement act?
3: Describe the instances when agreement became void.
4: Higher the reserve requirements reduce the creation of money. If u agrees give the solid reasons for your justifications.
5: According to the Banking ordinance 1962, how the board of director is formed... like that... Don’t remember exact statement.
First 3 questions are of 3 marks and remaining two carry 5 marks... there are 32 questions among them 27 are mcqs but don’t find them in past papers...
All from banking ordinance and banking act like that....

---------------------------------------------------------------------
11 December 2012

today's paper is 
Q# 1 write any three provision of Section 13 banking companies ordinance  
Q# 2 is Principal liable for the misconduct or fraud of the agent according to agreement act
Q# 3 how bank perform the role of underwriters?
etc . baki MCQs Companies ordinance may se thy,,,,past papers must read


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
13 December 2012

today's paper of BNK601:

1: What is credit information?

2: Is Principal is liable for the misconduct or fraud of the agent according to agreement act?

3: Describe the instances when agreement became void.

4: Higher the reserve requirements reduces the creation of money. if u agree give the solid reasons for ur justifications.

5: According to the Banking ordinance 1962, how the board of director is formed... like that.. dont remember exact statement.

first 3 questions are of 3 marks and remaining two carry 5 marks... there are 32 questions among them 27 are mcqs but dont find them in past papers...

all from banking ordinance and banking act like that....


Q# 1 write any three provision of Section 13 banking companies ordinance 

Q# 2 is Principal liable for the misconduct or fraud of the agent according to agreement act

Q# 3 how bank perform the role of underwriters?

============================================================

           

Get Your Final Year Project Funded (National ICT R&D Fund)

Published On:  Tuesday, December 18, 2012
This initiative aims to promote, enable, and encourage R&D culture at the grassroots level by funding relatively high calibre R&D projects initiated by ICT related undergraduate students under the mentorship of faculty members in chartered universities of both Public and Private sector.
The Fund will provide financial support to selected Final Year Projects (FYP) of undergraduate students enrolled in ICT related disciplines like Computer Science & Information Technology, Electrical, Electronics, Telecom, Computer, and Software Engineering.
The financial assistance under the initiative will enable students undertaking Final Year Projects (FYP) in building prototypes and working models to showcase their creativity and innovation by applying hands on engineering and development skills. The funding covers the cost of purchase of equipment and other miscellaneous costs associated with the development of the prototype or working model. Maximum up to Rs. 75,000/- can be provided to a Final Year Project (FYP) and the break-up of budget is as follows:
  1. Equipment:                                          Maximum up to Rs. 65,000/-
  2. Miscellaneous:                                    Maximum up to Rs. 10,000/-
How to Apply
The nominations for Final Year Projects may be furnished through respective Head of Departments on the prescribed nomination form at the following address (No online submission is accepted)

General Manager (Monitoring)
National ICT R&D Fund
Ministry of Information Technology
6th Floor, HBL Tower
Jinnah Avenue, Blue Area
Islamabad.
Note: No online submission is accepted. Only Hard copies of forms duly signed by the FYP Supervisor and Head of Department may be furnished through courier/registered mails.
For more information please visit
http://www.ictrdf.org.pk/ngiri/



              

Prize Bonds Prizes Dec 2012


PRIZE BONDS
Prize Bonds are bearer type of security available in the denominations of Rs.100, Rs.200, Rs.750, Rs.1,500, Rs.7,500, Rs.15,000, Rs.25,000 and Rs.40,000. These bonds are issued in series. Each series consist of one less than 1,000,000 bonds. No fixed return is paid but prize draws are held on quarterly basis. The draws are held under common draw method and the number of prizes are same for each series. It means that if 50 series of Rs.200 Prize Bond are in circulation. Then on each draw we have 50 winners of 1st prize and 250 winners of 2nd Prize and so on. The number and amount of prizes on various denomination of prize bonds for each series is shown in the following table*:

 Denomination
(Rs)
First Prize2nd Prize3rd Prize
No.Amount(Rs)No.Amount(Rs)No.Amount(Rs)
100/-01700,00003 200,0001,199 1,000
200/-01750,00005 250,0002,394 1,250
 750/-01 1,500,00003 500,0001,6969,300
1,500/-01 3,000,000031,000,0001,696 18,500
7,500/-01 15,000,000035,000,0001,696 93,000
15,000/-0130,000,00003 10,000,0001,696 185,000
25,000/-01 50,000,0000315,000,0001,696312,000
40,000/-01 75,000,00003 25,000,0001,696500,000


*  For the prize bond draws to be held on or after 15th February, 2009.
For previous details click here


              

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